Prepare your home for wildfire

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How do homes ignite?

Ember showers tend to be the greatest threat to homes from wildfire. Embers can ignite exterior and interior home components from miles away, as well as vegetation and flammable items near the home. Direct flame contact with the house occurs when flammable items touching the house catch on fire, or when embers start a fire on the structure and create direct contact. Radiant heat exposure occurs from heat radiating off a nearby structure or burning tree and can ignite objects inside the home. By thinking of how homes ignite you can take action to remove the threats that wildfires pose.

By following the information on this page you can reduce the risk of your home igniting.

Use the Home Hazard Assessment Guide to analyze your risks and develop a plan for action.

Home Hazard Assessment Guide

Use the guides from National Fire Protection Association:

These one page guides give an overview of what to do to prepare your home for wildfire.
How to Prepare Your Home For Wildfires

Cómo Preparar su Casa Contra Incendios Forestales

Ten easy tasks to get you started on reducing your wildfire risk:

10 Wildfire Risk Reduction Tips

Video Guides developed by NFPA

NFPA provides action steps for residents to reduce wildfire risks, including seven tips to help keep homes from igniting in a wildfire.

Wildfire Research Fact Sheets

This series features the wildfire research being done at the Insurance Institute for Business & Home Safety research facility to create more resilient communities. These guides offer in depth information about each topic and what can be done to make your home more fire resistant.

Dr. Jack Cohen, Fire Science Researcher with the USDA Forest Service, explains current research about how homes ignite during wildfires, and the actions that homeowners can take to help their home survive the impacts of flames and embers.
Insurance Institute for Business and Home Safety's Research Center highlights of WIldfire / Ember Testing.